The Small and Large Intestine
Upon leaving the stomach, food and water enter into the small intestine, where they begin the journey toward the large intestine.
The large intestine is the finale to the digestive process. Components include the appendix, caecum, colon, and rectum. 1
What is the small intestine?
The small intestine is a tube-like organ that measures an average of 6 metres (20 ft). Most of the digestive process is carried out in this part of the gut. 2
What is the role of the small intestine?
The small intestine is also known as the small bowel. It pulls the majority of nutrients from food and delivers them directly into the bloodstream for the greater benefit of the body. 1
What is the large intestine?
The large intestine is a tube-like organ that measures an average of 1.5 metres long (5ft). It is mostly made of muscle and tissue. The large intestine facilitates digestion. 2
What is the role of the large intestine?
The large intestine is also known as the large bowel. It completes the digestive process by absorbing water and any leftover nutrients from food. Here, waste is transformed into stool and expelled through the anus. 1
How can rebalancing your intestinal flora help solve your gut problems?
When consumed regularly, good bacteria, such as Bacillus clausii, can work to restore the balance of the intestinal flora in the gut. A balanced gut lessens the risk of gut disorders such as diarrhoea and bloating. 3
Gut Disorders in Adults
An unbalanced gut has the tendency to leak, and the result is a watery bowel movement. Triggers commonly include viral and bacterial infection, as well as some foods and medications. 4
Antibiotics affect the gut by inadvertently affecting even the good bacteria. Side effects include abdominal pain and diarrhoea/constipation. 5
A most common gut disorder, abdominal pain can be triggered by an imbalance in intestinal flora. Indigestion and food sensitivity may be expected. 6
A condition caused by maladaptation within the intestinal microbiota. Dysbiosis may cause anything from foul breath to rectal itching. 7
Oestrogen and progesterone affect normal gut function while the body is creating life, and this can cause nausea, constipation, gas retention and discomfort. This may lead to an imbalance in the intestinal flora. Consult a healthcare practitioner before using any probiotic. 8
Gut Disorders in Children
Diarrhoea’s Impact on Health
Leaky gut is common in children when the intestinal flora has become unbalanced. This can make them vulnerable to infectious diseases, such as diarrhoea. 9
Antibiotics can improve overall health, but may eradicate good bacteria in the process, leading to cramping, nausea, and watery stool. Children are more sensitive to this than adults are. 5
Bellyache is a common occurrence in children. There is a wide array of triggers for this condition. Learn how to identify these and how to manage them. 6
Learn more about how different daily triggers could be contributing to intestinal disorders, and how a good probiotic could be the ally you didn't know you needed.
What are You Doing to Protect Your Gut from Antibiotics?
Antibiotics help you fight infection, but they can wreak havoc on even the strongest gut. Using probiotics and prebiotics can help protect your gut from antibiotic-related gut symptoms.
Improper Nutrition Usually Leads to Gut Disorders
You are indeed what you eat, and a poor diet can lead to gut disorders. The traditional food pyramid may help you understand the role that your diet plays in the proper functioning of the body.
How Stress Affects the Gut: Our Second Brain
Many studies have explored the relationship between the gut and brain, and they have repeatedly found them to be quite codependent. Unfortunately, stress and abdominal pain do seem to go hand in hand.
How a Change in Season Affects the Body
If a seasonal change brings about anxiety, irritability, or various gastric disorders, you should consider taking the necessary precautions to delay or to prevent the onset of these conditions.
Traveling Could Have a Negative Impact on Your Gut Flora
There are a few gut disorders that can occur while you are travelling, but there are ways of preventing them. Learning about why these digestive issues occur may change the way you travel in the future.
- How does the intestine work?; NCBI, 2011 [quoted June 2021] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279303/
- SMALL/LARGE INTESTINE LENGTH RATIO; CARTA [quoted June 2021] https://carta.anthropogeny.org/moca/topics/smalllarge-intestine-length-ratio
- Jewel, T. (2019) What causes dysbiosis & how is it treated? Healthline. Available at: https://www.healthline.com/health/digestive-health/dysbiosis. Accessed on 25/05/2021
- What to know about leaky gut syndrome; MedicalNewsToday, August 2019 [quoted June 2021] https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326117#what-is-it
- Side effects-Antibiotics; NHS, May 2019 [quoted June 2021] https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/antibiotics/side-effects/
- What to know about indigestion or dyspepsia; MedicalNewsToday, October 2020 [quoted June 2021] https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/163484
- What Causes Dysbiosis and How Is It Treated?; Healthline, February 2019 [quoted June 2021] https://www.healthline.com/health/digestive-health/dysbiosis
- Gastrointestinal diseases during pregnancy: what does the gastroenterologist need to know?; PMC, April 2017 [quoted June 2021] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6033757/
- Diarrhea in Children; Johns Hopkins Medicine, [quoted June 2021] https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/diarrhea-in-children