Improper Nutrition Can Lead to Gut Disorders

  • Nutrition

  4 Min Read

The famous saying: “We are what we eat” summarises the importance of eating healthy foods and to minimise our consumption of high-fat foods and sugary drinks. “Vary the choices at the table, often” is a principle on which a healthy and correct diet is based.

Improper nutrition, or an unbalanced diet, usually boils down to various factors including poor food choices, and excessive consumption of junk foods. Then there is also a large amount of misinformation, and the spread of “fake news” on dietary subjects. These factors can contribute towards an increasingly sedentary lifestyle and reduced energy levels.

Nutritional experts affirm that there are no inherently “good” or “bad” foods: bad or incorrect can be defined as a diet that excludes a food or an entire category of foods for no specific reason (such as improperly diagnosed allergies or intolerances) or a diet that is too monotonous. A diet of this type may be deficient in many nutrients, especially minerals and/or vitamins, even if it is adequate in terms of energy intake. Combining different foods correctly means you will avoid excesses and deficiencies of energy and nutrients. 1, 2

Let’s take a look at the signs and symptoms of a poor diet


Feeling consistently tired even after a sufficient night’s rest.3

Bowel changes

A lack of daily nutrients will start to affect your gut, often leading to lasting disorders, such as lazy bowel syndrome, dysbiosis and disvitaminosis (a lack of certain vitamins). 4

Lack of good bacteria

Healthy foods provide the nutrients needed for good bacteria to replenish in the body. Your gut flora is one of the first areas to be affected when there is a nutrient deficit, leading to problems, such as diarrhoea, cramping and bloating. 4, 5

Mood swings

A poor diet will affect the body’s ability to regulate insulin, as well as increase inflammation in the brain. The result may be a worsening of your mood, as well as an amplified effect on any existing disorders, such as depression. 6

Here are two important points to keep in mind

Food plays an important role in the proper functioning of the body. 7

It helps us maintain a consistent body temperature and have the energy to carry out daily activities (even sleeping). We need fats, sugars, and, to a lesser extent, proteins, in order for our bodies to perform these functions. 7

Food helps us to repair any tissue damage, as well as to build new tissues (for example during growth and pregnancy). These functions are mainly carried out by proteins. 8

Food helps us to defend our bodies against attacks from external and internal agents (such as infections). This protective function is mainly made possible by, and carried out, by proteins, vitamins and minerals. 9

Food helps our bodies perform the basic biochemical processes that sustain life (breathing, eating, digesting, moving, and so forth.). This regulatory function is guided by proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, mineral salts and water. 10

Improper nutrition is a common problem for young people

An improper diet, lacking in essential nutrients, is increasingly widespread among young people. This is due to several reasons, including: 11

A poor diet from early childhood 11

Rebelliousness, typical of the age group, that leads to preferring junk food. 12

They are exposed to advertisements & marketing promoting the consumption of unhealthy, calorie-dense foods. 12

Bad eating habits, such as skipping meals while socialising with friends. 13

Use the traditional food pyramid to help prevent gut disorders 14

The food pyramid provides us with a worthwhile tool to assist us in making better dietary choices in our daily lives. It’s universally recognised as a base structure for a correct diet, and which people can use as a basis for their own interpretations. The food pyramid effectively communicates information on the type and quantity of foods that must be eaten in order to attain better health and quality of life. 14 Here’s what you need to know:


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